【Mr. Green] California Title 20: Past, Present and Future
California Energy Commission (CEC) It is the main formulation and planning agency of California's energy policy. In order to understand why the agency attaches so much importance to energy efficiency standards, we need to return to 1972, when California experienced an energy crisis. According to data from the California Resources Agency at that time, every 8-It will double in 10 years. According to this kind of energy consumption growth rate and the forecast of the required new installed capacity, a large number of power stations will need to be built. Moreover, these power stations need water to cool, so the state has turned its attention to the Pacific coastline and considered building a power station every 8 miles along the coastal line. California commissioned RAND Corporation to conduct research and provide suggestions on this issue. After in-depth evaluation, only 17 suitable construction sites were selected, of which individual sites had land use conflicts and all sites were located on seismic faults parallel to the coastline. However, after in-depth analysis, RAND Corporation has provided more feasible policy recommendations, including the formulation of new energy efficiency standards.
In 1974, California Governor Ronald ·Reagan signed the Warren- The Alquist Act grants CEC legal authority. As a result, the first electrical energy efficiency regulation was born in 1976 (Attribution Title 20) The first phase is the standard for household appliances, covering refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners, which came into effect on 1977. According to statistics from CEC electrical office, since 1975, various energy efficiency standards including electrical standards, building standards and energy conservation plans have saved California about US $75 billion in electricity bills.
The Title 20 regulation covers more than 23 types of electrical appliances and 75 specific types of electrical appliances. Its range is very wide, from air conditioners, electric fans, heat pumps and plumbing products, to cooking, washing and refrigeration products, to computers, electronic products and lighting products.
for electrical appliances covered by California energy efficiency standards, manufacturers must be certified according to MAEDBS before they can be sold in California. In contrast, for electrical appliances covered by the federal government's energy efficiency standards, manufacturers must comply with the U. S. Department of Energy's compliance certification management system (CCMS) Certification before commercial distribution can be carried out in the United States, and certification must be carried out according to MAEDBS before sales can be carried out in California. CCMS systems need to be re-certified once a year, while MAEDBS systems do not. For electrical appliances covered by both California and federal energy efficiency standards, the effective date of the standards is usually determined based on the date of production.
recent California electrical efficiency rules include portable electronic hydrotherapy pools (2018) As well as computers, computer monitors and state standard LED products (2016). California standards that came into effect on 2018 include computers (Selected type) State standard ordinary bulbs, LEDs, small diameter directional lights and shower heads. California standards that came into effect on 2019 include laptops (January 1, 2019)Tier I Desktop (January 1, 2019)Portable Electronic spa pool (June 1, 2019), Computer monitor (July 1, 2019) And Tier ii led products (July 1, 2019).
In the future, the upcoming formal rule-making includes portable air conditioners (Note Sheet Number 18-AAER-04), Commercial and industrial air conditioning (Note Sheet Number 18-AAER-05)And the sprinkler body (Note Sheet Number 17-AAER-08).
Finally, in the early stage before the rule-making, a roadmap study will be conducted on set-top boxes, low power modes, low power factors and solar inverters.